Clinical Applications: Allergy Testing Online Training
Explain how to diagnose allergy disease through the use of testing in conjunction with a patient's history and physical symptoms. Recognize how to manage allergic disease based on testing results and patients' allergin exposure. This clinical laboratory training qualifies for continuing education units (CEU).
Welcome to Why allergy testing, an introduction to allergic disease, testing and treatment options. This course reviews how allergy can progress to asthma, through a process termed The Allergy March. Select Next to continue. Overview provided by: Connie Mardis Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Select Next to continue. Eczema GI disorders Otitis media Allergic rhinitis Asthma Adult asthma As many as 40% of infants with atopic dermatitis may become asthmatic by age 4 Sasai K, et al. J Periatr. 1996;128:834-40 It is estimated that 79% of children with otitis media have been diagnosed with allergic rhinitis ETAC™ Study Group Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 1998;9:116-24 The Allergy March Allergy statistics Allergy definition & symptoms Common allergens Allergy testing methods Allergy treatment Select Next to continue. Allergy-like symptoms 30% Patients in primary care setting 8.4 million visits annually What accounts for 25% of all Emergency Room visits each year in the US? Asthma Source: American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology 17 million sufferers 14 deaths daily 1 in 20 have asthma Additional allergies Develop asthma 100% increase 160% increase Source: The American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy Select Next to continue. Allergic Shiners: Dark, bruise-like shadows under eyes Dennie's Lines: Wrinkling, lines on lids and under eyes Allergic Salute: Pushing up on nose to open airway Nasal Crease: Appears as line/indent, transverse across nose Chapping: Around the nose and mouth Allergic rhinitis Conjunctivitis GI disorders Atopic dermatitis Asthma Anaphylaxis Food Molds Trees Grasses Weeds Insects Dust Pets Medications In vivo In vitro Allergy specific history & physical In-vitro allergy testing How does immunotherapy desensitization work? Physician visit including history, physical, diagnostic test Results confirm a specific allergen Non-food allergies treated with immunotherapy to desensitize the patient to inhalant allergens Select Next to continue. Source: Des Roches et al JACI 1997 Source: Johnstone DE Pediatrics 1968 Select Next to continue. Experts analyzed 24 studies involving more than 900 asthmatics with documented allergies. Allergy shots were found effective in treating allergic asthma in a majority (71%) of the studies. The treatment resulted in: reduced symptoms reduced need for medications reduced lung inflammation improved lung function Select Next to continue. Better outcomes No side effects Specific One sample, multiple results Action: Introduction of a children’s book to clinical laboratories and physician communities Purpose: Educate children and parents about the diagnosis and management of allergies Select Next to continue.